Check Out Lodges On eBay. Find It On eBay. Everything You Love On eBay. Check Out Great Products On eBay The Ideal Lodge & Hotel at a Great Price - Find Yours with trivago™! Save on Your Booking The Viceregal Lodge, Shimla is the most historically significant and architectural impressive building of the region that makes for a pleasant half-day excursion. The Viceregal Lodge was the summer residence of the Indian Viceroy, the British Raj leader who governed the whole of the Indian subcontinent between 1888 until 1946
Viceregal Lodge, das ist britisches Understatement. Vielmehr handelt es sich um ein etwas düster wirkendes, prächtiges, weitläufiges schottisches Schloss, das in den Zedernwäldern bei Shimla steht. Hier hielten die Vizekönige Hof. Die Anlage verfügt über einen sehenswerte The Rashtrapati Niwas (literally the President's Residence), formerly known as Viceregal Lodge, is located on the Observatory Hills of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. It was formerly the residence of the British Viceroy of India. It houses some of the most ancient articles and photographs going back to the times of the British rule in India Die Rashtrapati Niwas, auch Viceregal Lodge (dt.: Residenz des Vizekönigs), ist ein Herrenhaus in den Observatory Hills von Shimla in der indischen Provinz Himachal Pradesh. Das Gebäude im jakobethanischen Stil war früher die Residenz des Generalgouverneurs und Vizekönigs von Indien
. It is a six-story building, built in Jacobethan style Viceroy Regal - Lodge Shimla, popularly known as British Viceroy's residence is an example of fine Elizabethan style of architecture. Henry Irvine has also made significant contribution in designing of the building. The Viceroy Regal - Lodge Shimla with its Elizabethan style structure was constructed in 1880 ViceRegal Lodge - An English Renaissance Style Monument of Colonial Times By Goel Tarun On November 23, 2012 ViceRegal Lodge or Rashtrapati Bhavan is situated on top of the Observatory Hill in Shimla is a colonial architectural masterpiece. It is the only historic monument in Shimla that occupies an entire hill The building lies at a distance of just 2 km from the Himachal State Museum. Built in 1888, this massive edifice stands surrounded by tall pine trees and once served as the residence of Viceroy Lord Dufferin. Viceregal Lodge is the only building of Shimla that occupies an entire hill by itself
. Previous image, 6 total items. Next image, 6 total items. Visit Shimla's most impressive colonial building located on a hill offering stunning views. Stand on the neatly trimmed lawns of the Viceregal Lodge and gaze in awe at the stunning architecture of this enormous edifice. Explore the. Viceregal Lodge: Photos of Shimla - Explore pictures & images of Shimla. Also find out photos of famous places, attractions, events, festivals, activities of Shimla at Travel.India.co Viceregal Lodge in Shimla. Posted By : admin / 28. This week's blog will cover one of Shimla's most impressive colonial-era buildings. Located on a hilltop, it offers delightfully stunning views of the vicinity. The sight of the finely manicured lawns of the Viceregal Lodge and spectacular architecture of this magnificent structure is a throwback to the days of the colonial days. If the.
Viceregal Lodge, Shimla. Find hotel near Viceregal Lodge. Contribute/Review Ask a Question. The Viceregal Lodge also known as Rashtrapati Niwas is one of the most architecturally impressive and historically significant buildings in the area. The Lodge was the residence of the Indian Viceroy during summers who governed the entire Indian subcontinent between 1888 and 1946. For visitors, the. The Viceregal Lodge of Shimla is a heritage building that is situated on the Observatory Hill. This building originally used to be the home of the then Viceroy of India Lord Dufferin. The building. The Viceregal Lodge in Shimla is an imposing British-raj Palace constructed under the supervision of Viceroy Lord Dufferin in 1888, who used to live here. Today it is known as Rashtrapati Niwas and is located on the picturesque Observatory hill of Shimla. The palace is constructed in the famous Jacobethan style, which is a popular English architectural design depicting the Renaissance revival Viceregal Lodge at Shimla is not an ordinary building like many other heritage buildings in Himachal Pradesh. Starting with Lord Dufferin, 13 Viceroys of India used this Lodge as a Summer Capital. The British ruled this sub-continent staying in this building and it is standing tall even today, bearing testimony to some of the important decisions that changed the fate of a few countries in this. This week's blog will cover one of Shimla's most impressive colonial-era buildings. Located on a hilltop, it offers delightfully stunning views of the vicinity. The sight of the finely manicured lawns of the Viceregal Lodge and spectacular architecture of this magnificent structure is a throwback to the days of the colonial days. If the stunningly [
. Viceregal Lodge spreads across 110 acres of land. Most of it is covered with a variety of flowers and grasses. Initially, it was three times this size. It is a delight for nature lovers to walk through colorful flowers - some of them of rare varieties. A walk around the garden not only takes you through manicured gardens but also lets you admire the regal building. Viceregal Lodge|Manisha Jahi. What is arguably the most historic structure in Shimla is Viceroy Lodge located on Observatory Hill. It was here that the final draft of Indian independence and Partition was discussed between Lord Mountbatten, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel and Mohammad Ali Jinnah. In 1945, the lodge was the venue of the Shimla Conference, which proposed the Wavell Plan for. Viceregal Lodge: VICEREGAL LODGE - See 1,474 traveller reviews, 736 candid photos, and great deals for Shimla, India, at Tripadvisor Shimla also has a lot of cute cafes and one of them is Cafe Sol. The place is beautiful and in fact one of the few places in Shimla that doesn't have a mega dining view, but yet a great ambience. Another place to visit to appreciate the gorgeous architecture in Shimla is the Viceregal Lodge. This place is not just about the Victorian feel. The imperial Viceregal Lodge, the graceful Christ Church, Gaiety Theatre, Gorton Castle, Barnes Court and several buildings are part of the colonial architectural heritage of the town. Languages spoken: English and Hindi are the dominant languages spoken in Shimla. A sizeable minority does speak Punjabi. In addition to these several native.
Viceregal Lodge. 5. Jakhoo Temple. 6. Summer Hill. All Attractions of Shimla. GETTING THERE. How to Reach Shimla. Shimla is one of the most easy accessible hill stations in India. People who are wondering how to reach Shimla and its rich verdure by road or even by the narrow gauge railway. With flourishing Shimla tourism, the mightly and trendy hill station owing to a unique colonial flavor en. . After India's Independence from the British Raj in 1947, it was declared as a summer retreat for the President of India, who handed over the premises to India's Ministry of Education. This place has. Hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla on Tripadvisor: Find 5,328 traveler reviews, 11,168 candid photos, and prices for 844 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, India
According to Tripadvisor travellers, these are the best ways to experience Viceregal Lodge: Shimla Heritage Walk with Summit - a Local Writer and a story teller. (From US$30.00) The Horse Shoe Itinerary: 18-Day Tour from Delhi (From US$3,350.00) Walk Around Shimla And Visit Kufri (From US$141.00) Make Summers Cool at special prices (From US$305.13) Best of Himachal (From US$909.10) See all. Shimla Attractions ; Viceregal Lodge; Search. Viceregal Lodge. 1,474 Reviews #8 of 67 things to do in Shimla. Architectural Buildings. Viceregal Lodge. 1,474 Reviews #8 of 67 things to do in Shimla. Architectural Buildings. Get the full experience and book a tour. Recommended. Our most popular tours and activities. Nearby Experiences . Other experiences in Shimla. The Horse Shoe Itinerary: 18. Book your tickets online for Viceregal Lodge, Shimla: See 1,474 reviews, articles, and 736 photos of Viceregal Lodge, ranked No.8 on Tripadvisor among 67 attractions in Shimla Viceregal Lodge. Top choice historic building. in Shimla. Save. Share. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook. Copy link Image by IndiaPictures / UIG via Getty Images. A cross between Harry Potter's Hogwarts and a Scottish baronial castle, this 1888 pile was the official summer residence of the British viceroys until WWII and the scene of two crucial conferences (1945 and 1946) that essentially. Viceregal Lodge jetzt entdecken: Wohnungen. Lassen Sie sich für Ihre nächste Reise inspirieren und buchen Sie auf FeWo-direkt, mit sicherer Online-Zahlung
Viceregal Lodge, Shimla: Über 68 Ferienwohnungen & Ferienhäuser ab € 19 pro Nacht mit Bewertungen für kurze & lange Aufenthalte, darunter Ferienhäuser, Ferienwohnungen & mehr. Ideal für Familien, Gruppen, Paare. Eine große Auswahl für Ihren Urlaub bei FeWo-direkt Hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla on Tripadvisor: Find 5,314 traveller reviews, 11,164 candid photos, and prices for 445 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, India Viceregal Lodge, Shimla: zobacz recenzje, artykuły i zdjęcia dotyczące Viceregal Lodge w serwisie Tripadvisor w Shimli, Indi According to Tripadvisor travellers, these are the best ways to experience Viceregal Lodge: Walk Around Shimla And Visit Kufri (From US$150.00) Make Summers Cool at special prices (From US$305.13) Best of Himachal (From US$906.66) Heritage Walk In Shimla (From US$130.00) Heritage Walk In Shimla With Lunch (From US$184.00 Viceregal Lodge, Shimla : Lihat ulasan, artikel, dan foto Viceregal Lodge di antara objek wisata di Shimla di Tripadvisor
A trip to Viceregal Lodge allows you to examine some of the most evocative articles and photographs from the British rule in India. Completed in 1888, this historically significant building was built in the Jacobethan style by the British architect Henry Irwin Places to Visit by Days. 1 Day in Shimla (Places to Visit) 2 Days in Shimla (Places to Visit) Places to Visit. Viceregal Lodge Shimla; Jakhu Temple Shimla
Shimla Tourism; Shimla Hotels; Bed and Breakfast Shimla; Shimla Holiday Rentals; Shimla Holiday Packages; Flights to Shimla; Shimla Restaurants; Shimla Attraction Viceregal Lodge's 132-year-old kitchen wing to be restored in Shimla The Union government has sanctioned ₹12 crore for restoring the kitchen wing of British Era building Shimla was the summer capital of the British and 13 viceroys stayed in at Viceregal Lodge, considered the nerve centre of the British administration, between 1888 and 1946. Lord Dufferin was the.
Viceregal Lodge in Shimla hautnah erleben mit Expedia.at. Hotels, Flüge und Mietwagen billiger buchen und Viceregal Lodge in Shimla erleben Viceregal Lodge is located in an area of Shimla known for its major shopping area. Shimla is home to 280 hotels and other accommodations, so you can find something that's perfect for your stay. Staying Near Viceregal Lodge. You can choose from 30 hotels and accommodations within a mile of Viceregal Lodge, including these options estive em Shimla duas vezes antes, mas eu nem tinha ouvido falar de Viceregal Lodge nem tinha me incomodado para descobrir. Mas não desta vez. Desta vez, I explorada Shimla como um turista, e eu estou feliz eu fiz porque os Viceregal Lodge foi uma experiência memorável Viceregal Lodge, Shimla: Se 1.474 anmeldelser, artikler og 736 billeder fra Viceregal Lodge, nr.8 på Tripadvisor af 67 seværdigheder i Shimla Shimla Heritage Sightseeing. Viceregal Lodge (Closed on Mondays) Himachal State Museum (Closed on Mondays) Annadale Heritage Museum (Closed on Mondays) Scandal Point; Shopping. Lakkar Bazaar. Religious Sightseeing. Christ Church; Jakhu Temple; Johnnies Wax Museum; Dorje Drak Monastry; Restaurant. Café Sol; Café Simla Times ; Shopping. Mall Road. Shimla Off-beat Sightseeing. Kufri; Mountain.
Según los viajeros de Tripadvisor, estas son las mejores formas de disfrutar de Viceregal Lodge: Camina alrededor de Shimla y visita Kufri (a partir de 150,00 US$) Haga que los veranos sean frescos a precios especiales. (a partir de 305,13 US$) Lo mejor de Himachal (a partir de 910,99 US$) Paseo por el patrimonio en Shimla (a partir de 130,00 US$) Paseo por el patrimonio en Shimla con. , Shimla on Tripadvisor: Find 5,318 traveller reviews, 11,164 candid photos, and prices for 446 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, India
Gratis-Storno für viele Hotels. Mit Hotels.com finden Sie das perfekte Hotel nahe Viceregal Lodge, Shimla. Mit Hotels.com Rewards erhalten Sie nach 10 gebuchten Übernachtungen 1 Bonusnacht Find the perfect viceregal lodge stock photo. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now Hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla on Tripadvisor: Find 5,328 traveler reviews, 11,168 candid photos, and prices for 446 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, India Cancel free on most hotels. Compare 104 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla using 207 real guest reviews. Earn free nights, get our Price Guarantee & make booking easier with Hotels.com
Viceregal Lodge attraction travel guidebook, Shimla must-visit attractions. Trip.com provides tourists with Viceregal Lodge attraction address, business hours, brief introduction, open hours, nearby recommendation, restaurant, reviews etc. These information answers detailedly about what to visit in Shimla Viceregal Lodge's 132-year-old kitchen wing to be restored in Shimla HT Correspondent. 13-08-2020. PM Narendra Modi, Sonia Gandhi condole Congress leader Ahmed Patel's death . 10 artists who don.
The Viceregal Lodge (now the Institute of Advanced Studies), Obervatory Hill, Shimla, India, by Henry Irwin. Completed 1888; tower height increased later by Lord Curzon. Local grey sandstone and light blue limestone, with iron girders, beams, and trusses. Left: Another view of the Lodge. Right: The entrance. Built on a high 331-acre site, levelled for the purpose, this mock-Tudor or baronial. Though the Viceregal Lodge was inaugurated during the term of Lord Dufferin 1884-88, the British had begun using Shimla as a summer retreat from the early 19th century, during the term of Lord Amherst, the then Governor-General (1823-28). In all, 19 'Governors General' or 'Viceroys' or 'Viceroys & Governors General' were posted to India in the intervening period, and almost all of.
Home / Did you know / editor / Education / feature / Shimla / Tourism / Viceregal Lodge, Shimla. Viceregal Lodge, Shimla on. Wednesday, August 31, 2011 in Did you know, editor, Education, feature, Shimla, Tourism ( Now known as Indian Institute of Advanced Study ) History From 1823 onwards, for some six decades the Governors-General and later V... ( Now known as Indian Institute of Advanced. Viceregal Lodge What makes Shimla more alluring is its glorious past, the days when it was summer capital during the British Raj. Beneath the Kali Bari temple, at the North Bank, lays an ordinary house where there once lived an extraordinary writer, Rudyard Kipling Viceregal Lodge And Botanical Gardens. On the Observatory Hills is located Viceregal Lodge, which is also known as Rashtrapati Niwas. This magnificent building was the residence of the British Viceroy Lord Dufferin. This lodge was completed in 1888 and it is said that every brick for the building was carried by mules. This is a six-story building and is surrounded by well-maintained.
Hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla on Tripadvisor: Find 4,976 traveller reviews, 11,180 candid photos, and prices for 448 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, India Viceregal Lodge in Shimla mit Expedia.ch bereisen. Buchen Sie günstige Hotel und Flug Angebote & sparen Sie Geld! Viceregal Lodge hautnah erleben e Viceregal Lodge, built on the Observatory Hill, Shimla, served as the summer capital of the British Raj until August 15, 1947. From 1884 to 1888, PWD architect, Henry Irwin, designed and constructed this magnificent English renaissance mansion, with distinct overtones of the Scottish Highlands Stop by for a spell, look at my pictures, ask me questions about Shimla, if you wish. I shall try and answer them as best as I can. Let's be friends for a while.... 15 May 2006. The Viceregal Lodge The sight of the Viceregal Lodge is splendidly refreshing when you first huff and puff your way up the Observatory Hill. What is the most amazing thing about this builiding for me? The fact that it.
Shimla is a great place (at 2200ft) to slow down and be more attentive. The gentle walk along The Mall where everyone walks is great for people watching. The cost to the Viceregals Lodge was interesting. It looks like Scottish being built of grey granite. The viceregal was from Scotland so obviously wante Viceregal Lodge, Shimla: 1.474 yorum, makale ve 736 resme bakın Viceregal Lodge, Shimla. No comments. Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook ( Now known as Indian Institute of Advanced Study) History. From 1823 onwards, for some six decades the Governors-General and later Viceroys of India had shuttled from one unsuitable residence to another during their summer sojourns in Shimla. It was Lord Lytton (1876-80), who chose Observatory Hill. The Viceregal Lodge, situated on the Observatory Hill, is now being used by the Indian Institute of Advanced Study (IIAS).. The Viceregal Lodge. The Viceregal Lodge. This massive building is surrounded by tall pine trees. Trees along the lawns. The Viceregal Lodge is the only building in Shimla that occupies an entire hill by itself.. Facade. At the end of the covered walkwa Volgens Tripadvisor-reizigers zijn dit de beste manieren om Viceregal Lodge te ervaren: The Horse Shoe Itinerary: 18-daagse tour vanuit Delhi (Vanaf US$ 3.350,00) Loop rond in Shimla en bezoek Kufri (Vanaf US$ 150,00) Maak Summers Cool tegen speciale prijzen (Vanaf US$ 305,13) Het beste van Himachal (Vanaf US$ 901,59
Viceregal Lodge is now known as Rashtrapati Niwas and its located on the Observatory Hills of Shimla. It contains ancient inscriptions and photographs dating back to British rule in India. during Lord Dufferin's tenure, The Viceregal Lodge was built in the Jacobethan style by British architect Henry Irwin viceroy. construction of Viceregal Lodge was started in 1880 and completed in 1888. At. Attrazioni: Shimla ; Viceregal Lodge; Cerca. Viceregal Lodge. 1.474 recensioni. N. 8 di 67 Cose da fare a Shimla. Edifici architettonici. Viceregal Lodge. 1.474 recensioni. N. 8 di 67 Cose da fare a Shimla. Edifici architettonici. Ottieni l'esperienza completa e prenota un tour. Consigliati. I tour e le attività più richiesti . Esperienze nelle vicinanze. Altre esperienze a Shimla. The Horse.
Viceregal Lodge Hotels Flights to Shimla Activities in Shimla Viceregal Lodge Car Hire Shimla Holiday Packages India may have travel restrictions in place, including self-quarantine, due to COVID-19. Find out more Opens in new tab or window Dismiss close travel advisor Viceregal Lodge - 2.6 mi / 4.2 km; Annandale - 2.6 mi / 4.2 km; Army Heritage Museum - 2.6 mi / 4.2 km; Himachal Pradesh University - 2.7 mi / 4.3 km; State Museum - 3 mi / 4.8 km ; Mall Road - 1.8 mi / 2.9 km; Getting around. Shimla (SLV) - 46 min drive; Check location. Check availability . At a glance. Key facts Hotel size. Arriving/leaving. Required at check-in. Credit card, debit card, or. iStock Viceregal Lodge Rashtrapati Nivas Shimla India Stock Photo - Download Image Now Download this Viceregal Lodge Rashtrapati Nivas Shimla India photo now. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Asia photos available for quick and easy download. Product #: gm1091491728 $ 33.00 iStock In stoc Viceregal lodge In Shimla. Scandal Point in Shimla. Kufri & Local Sightseeing. Day 01 Delhi to Shimla (Overnight journey): We will Proceed to Shimla ( 380 Kms / 9 Hrs) by Volvo Bus. Shimla is a glittering jewel in the Himachal necklace, blessed with scenic natural splendor, the zig-zag roads and the greenry on the way makes the journey one to cherish. The Mall and the Ridge are the main.
Find the perfect viceregal lodge, shimla stock photo. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now Book hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla & exciting cashback on hotel bookings. 100% genuine Images & Reviews. 24*7 call support. FESTIVE of the day
Viceregal Lodge & Botanical Gardens, Shimla. This magnificent building was built in 1888 as the residence of the British Viceroy Lord Dufferin. It is located at the observatory Hills and is surrounded by well-maintained gardens and lawns, ringed by beautiful pine trees & rose plants. The Viceregal Lodge, also known as Rashtrapati Niwas is now converted into Indian Institute of Advanced Study. Shimla Hotels near Viceregal Lodge | Find Best offers on Shimla hotels near Viceregal Lodge Online at MakeMyTrip. Get the Best deals on Hotels Near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla. Book from 233 Hotels Near Viceregal Lodge. Check price and Get upto 70% OFF with Booking of Hotel Near Viceregal Lodge. Frequently Asked Questions for Viceregal Lodge, Shimla Escape to Shimla for crisp, cool air, Himalayan vistas, and fascinating colonial history. The city is tucked onto steep hillsides—pack walking shoes!—but Victorian buildings like Christ Church and the former Viceregal Lodge make the climbs worthwhile. Before you check out of your hotel, buy souvenirs on the pedestrian-friendly Mall Road and look for monkeys at the atmospheric Jakhu Temple Hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla on Tripadvisor: Find 5,405 traveller reviews, 11,138 candid photos, and prices for 431 hotels near Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, India
Viceregal Lodge is located in an area of Shimla known for its major shopping area. Shimla is home to 285 hotels and other accommodation options, so you can find something that's perfect for your stay. Staying near Viceregal Lodge. There are 28 hotels and accommodation options within a mile of Viceregal Lodge, including these options Viceregal Lodge, also known as Rashtrapati Niwas is located in the summit of the Observatory Hill in Shimla in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It is the second highest point in Shimla after Jakhoo Hill. This impressive piece of architecture was completed in 1880 and was occupied by Lord Dufferin in the same year. It was built to fulfil the desire of Lord Dufferin who wanted a resident which can.
Shimla's history is as rich as its natural beauty. To know about it, your first attraction should be the Viceregal Lodge. This is the most iconic building in Shimla. This was the residence of the British Viceroys of India. The place is now under Indian institute of Advance Study. Guided tours are allowed for the tourists and access is limited to certain areas inside the castle. Time duration. Reserva Viceregal Lodge, Shimla en Tripadvisor: Consulta 1,474 opiniones, artículos, y 736 fotos de Viceregal Lodge, clasificada en Tripadvisor en el N.°8 de 67 atracciones en Shimla Lage des Hotels: Viceregal Lodge - Shimla; Finden Sie die ideale Unterkunft. Geben Sie ein Reiseziel oder einen Unterkunftsnamen an. Anreise Dienstag. Abreise Mittwoch. Zimmer. Zimmer 1: Erwachsene. Alter: 18+ Kinder. 0-17. Alter beim Check-in: Kind 1: Angebote anzeigen. Viceregal Lodge, Simla View Large On Black . The Viceregal Lodge, Obervatory Hill, Shimla, India, by Henry Irwin. Completed 1888; tower height increased later by Lord Curzon. Local grey sandstone and light blue limestone, with iron girders, beams, and trusses. Built on a high 331-acre site, levelled for the purpose, this mock-Tudor or baronial-style building is visible from far down the. If you are someone who loves visiting places which are famous for its culture and history then the Viceregal Lodge is the place for you. It is one of the best places to visit in Shimla as it has the most attractive architecture and history. History buffs will spend an amazing time going around this place
Reserva Viceregal Lodge, Shimla en Tripadvisor: Consulta 1.474 opiniones, artículos, y 736 fotos de Viceregal Lodge, clasificada en Tripadvisor en el N.°8 de 67 atracciones en Shimla Shimla, India. A visit to The Viceregal Lodge can also be combined with other tourist attractions across the city. With its delectable cuisines, and opportunities to explore the surrounding areas, Shimla is perfectly poised to offer an experience that is both, authentic as well as unique! There are many ideal locations to visit in and around this wonderful city, with prominent local landmarks. Save on popular hotels near Viceregal Lodge, Shimla: Browse Expedia's selection of 319 hotels and places to stay closest to Viceregal Lodge. Find cheap deals and discount rates that best fit your budget. Book now & save with no cancellation fee When you stay at Shimla British Resort in Shimla, you'll be in the historical district, just steps from Viceregal Lodge and State Museum. Featured amenities include express check-in, express check-out, and dry cleaning/laundry services. A roundtrip airport shuttle is provided for a surcharge (available 24 hours), and free self parking is.